The western wood-pewee, Contopus sordidulus, breeds in Alaska, western Canada, the western United States, Mexico, and Central America. Most individuals are migratory, moving to South America for winter. The western wood-pewee is a common breeder in Utah during summer. Preferred habitats of the species include forests (especially coniferous forests), woodlands, and riparian zones.
The nest is built above ground, typically in a tree. The female lays a clutch of two to four eggs during spring, and then incubates the eggs for about 12 twelve days.
The western wood-pewee is active during the day, often sitting on a perch to watch for prey. It feeds almost exclusively on flying insects that are captured in the air.