Common Name

Scientific Name

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Photo by Robert T. Maytum
Photo Courtesy of Robert T. Maytum

The American crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos, breeds in Canada, in most of the United States, and in northern Mexico. Populations that breed in Canada may migrate south for winter; other populations are non-migratory. The American crow is moderately common in Utah as a breeder during summer. It is much more abundant in the state during the winter, when northern populations migrate to Utah to escape the Canadian winter. The American crow prefers open habitats, such as agricultural areas, sparse woodlands, and towns.

The nest is built above ground in a tree or bush, typically in an open woodland area. A clutch of three to seven young is incubated by both parents for about 18 days. The young, which fledge at about one month of age, are tended by both parents. The young may stay near the nest and help the parents raise a second brood.

The American crow eats a variety of food items, including small animals, insects, plant matter, and dead animals (carrion).


  • Biotics Database. 2005. Utah Division of Wildlife Resources, NatureServe, and the network of Natural Heritage Programs and Conservation Data Centers.

  • Peterson, R. T., and V. M. Peterson. 1990. A field guide to western birds, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. 432 pp.