Common Name

Scientific Name

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Photo by Tim Avery
Photo Copyright Tim Avery

The pine grosbeak, Pinicola enucleator, occurs in the boreal forests of North America and Eurasia. Although it is not migratory, in some years it strays farther southward, or to lower elevations, perhaps in response to harsh winters. In Utah, it is a permanent resident at high elevations in the mountains throughout the state. Its habitat is coniferous forest. This bird eats seeds, buds, fruit, and insects.

The nest is usually two to ten feet (occasionally twenty-five feet) up in a tree or a shrub. Typically four eggs (sometimes as few as two or as many as five) are incubated by only the female parent, who is fed by the male during this period, for thirteen days. The nestlings are fed by both parents and leave the nest after about fourteen days.


  • Ehrlich, P. R., D. S. Dobkin, and D. Wheye. 1988. The birderís handbook[:] a field guide to the natural history of North American birds. Simon & Schuster, New York. xxx + 785 pp.

  • Baicich, P. J., and C. J. O. Harrison. 1997. A guide to the nests, eggs, and nestlings of North American birds. 2nd ed. Academic, San Diego. 347 pp.

  • Peterson, R. T., and V. M. Peterson. 1990. A field guide to western birds, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. 432 pp.