Common Name

Scientific Name

Photo by Unknown Photographer
Photo Courtesy of Utah Division of Wildlife Resources

The bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus, ranges through western North America, from extreme southwestern British Columbia to Guatemala. It is not migratory. In Utah, it is a common permanent resident throughout the state. Its habitat is mainly juniper and pinyon forest, but it also utilizes oak scrub and other brushy habitats. Its foods are mainly insects and other arthropods, such as spiders, as well as some seeds and fruits.

The nest of the bushtit is constructed in a tree or shrub, typically four to twenty-five feet, rarely up to fifty feet, above the ground. Usually five to seven eggs are laid, and incubation is by both parents for twelve to thirteen days. The nestlings are tended by both parents and leave the nest after fourteen to fifteen days, becoming independent about eight days later.


  • Baicich, P. J., and C. J. O. Harrison. 1997. A guide to the nests, eggs, and nestlings of North American birds. 2nd ed. Academic, San Diego. 347 pp.

  • Ehrlich, P. R., D. S. Dobkin, and D. Wheye. 1988. The birderís handbook[:] a field guide to the natural history of North American birds. Simon & Schuster, New York. xxx + 785 pp.