Common Name

Scientific Name

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Photo by Krissy Wilson
Photo Copyright Krissy Wilson

The vermilion flycatcher, Pyrocephalus rubinus, ranges from the southwestern United States to Argentina. It is not strongly migratory. In Utah, it is a rare summer resident in the southwestern part of the state, rarer there in winter. This species inhabits semi-open arid country, from desert scrub to riparian woodland. It eats almost exclusively insects, especially flying insects, including many bees.

The vermilion flycatcher nests in trees, typically on a horizontal fork six to twenty feet (rarely up to sixty feet) above the ground. There are normally three eggs, sometimes two or four. The eggs are incubated by the female parent for fourteen to fifteen days. Both parents care for the young, which leave the nest after fourteen to sixteen days.


  • Ehrlich, P. R., D. S. Dobkin, and D. Wheye. 1988. The birderís handbook[:] a field guide to the natural history of North American birds. Simon & Schuster, New York. xxx + 785 pp.

  • Baicich, P. J., and C. J. O. Harrison. 1997. A guide to the nests, eggs, and nestlings of North American birds. 2nd ed. Academic, San Diego. 347 pp.

  • Peterson, R. T., and V. M. Peterson. 1990. A field guide to western birds, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. 432 pp.