The red-spotted toad, Bufo punctatus, occurs throughout much of Mexico and the southwestern United States, where it is fairly abundant in southwestern Utah. Members of the species prefer dry climates, and are often found hiding in the rocks of desert stream beds and dry grasslands. In the northern part of its range, the red-spotted toad is inactive during cold weather.
Red-spotted toads typically breed throughout the spring and summer, during periods of rainy weather, when intermittent streams and pools are filled with water. Adult toads eat a variety of small terrestrial invertebrates, whereas the young feed on algae, plants, and organic debris. The red-spotted toad is a small toad with a flattened head and body. Individuals are gray, olive, or reddish-brown in color, with red or orange wart-like spots.